What is Corporation tax?
Corporation tax is a tax charged on company’s taxable profits. Companies in the UK are liable to corporation tax for each chargeable accounting period which is usually the period for which the company makes up a set of accounts.
Corporation tax rates on Companies starting 1 April
|Main rate (all profits except ring fence profits)||19%||20%|
|Special rate for unit trusts and open-ended investment companies||20%||20%|
How the corporation tax is calculated?
Corporation tax is calculated based on rates of tax set by Parliament for each financial years which runs from 1 April. The current financial year is 1 April 2017 to 31 March 2018, and the corporation tax rate applicable for financial year 2017 is 19%.
For example, if a company X makes taxable trading profit (TTP) of £250,000 during the financial year 2016. As the rate of corporation tax during the financial year 2016 was 20%, the company will be liable to pay £50,000 as corporation tax liability to HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC).
If the company X makes the same amount of profits in the financial year 2017, it will be required to pay £47,500 as corporation tax liability, being 19% of the TTP.
Due dates for Corporation tax liability
The deadline for making the corporation tax payment will depend on your taxable profits.
|File first accounts with Companies House||21 months after the date you register your company with Companies House|
|File annual accounts with Companies House||9 months after your company’s financial year ends|
|Pay Corporation Tax (if any)||9 months and 1 day after your accounting period ends|
|File a Company Tax Return (CT600)||12 months after your accounting period for Corporation tax ends|